The use of large vessels as measuring instruments to assess the current state of the sea is not always economically justified. In the SKB SAMI, a search for new technical solutions for constructing ultra-small autonomous modules is currently underway.
This is one of the most promising developments of SDB MRAT. The goal of SDB specialists is to increase the efficiency of engineering surveys and ecological monitoring of marine and river water areas. Such a ship has good storm seaworthiness and is capable of ensuring the efficient operation of all measuring instruments and complexes on it under difficult weather conditions.
The ship will be able to work in two modes – remote-controlled and programmable. Its undoubted advantage will be the ability to independently cover a large area of marine areas with a simultaneous survey. At the same time, it will always be under continuous control of the coastal or ship control center.
The main efforts of SDB specialists themselves are now aimed at experimental development of ship models to optimize its dynamic characteristics in the conditions of the stormy sea. Based on the results of the research, the shape of the ship’s hull will be optimized in order to achieve the best storm seaworthiness.
In the marine tests, SDB MRAT specialists work out reliability issues in the difficult operating conditions of navigational, hydroacoustic, hydrophysical, and other measuring equipment, practical issues of remote control of the ship and obtaining telemetric information are worked out.
A supersmall autonomous ship can perform hydro measurements in an automatic mode of navigation, retreating for tens of kilometers from the point of collection of telemetric information in the telecontrol mode. Distant autonomous navigation is possible under the control of on-board computers, which provide regular communication with coastal centers through channels of long-distance or space radio communication.
It is this information that is key to operational maritime services that are responsible for developing forecasts of hazardous marine phenomena and ensure the safety of operations and navigation on the high seas.